Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the authority to choose their governing legislators. The decisions on who is considered part of the people and how authorities or how power are delegated by the people have changed over time, in a different speed in different countries but they have included more and more of the inhabitants of all countries.
Cornerstones include freedom of assembly and speech, inclusiveness and equality, membership, consent, voting, right to life, and minority rights.
Africa as a continent has some of the worst democracies in the world with most African leaders changing the constitutions to hold power to death.
The country with the best democracy in the world is Norway followed by Iceland and Sweden. The first countries with the Best Democracies in Africa country comes in at 18th position worldwide, the democracy index is used to measure the level of democracy in countries and it is measured using several indicators such as electoral process and pluralism, political participation, the functioning of the government, political culture, and civil liberties just to mention a few. It is ranked from 0 to 10 with zero being the worst democracies and 10 being the best.
Here are the countries with the Best Democracies in Africa according to the democracy index report.
Madagascar was formerly known as the Republic of Malagasy until 1992 when it became a republic and since then the country has tried so hard to maintain its democratic nature.
Madagascar is a semi-presidential representative democratic multi-party republic, where the popularly elected president is the head of the state and selects a prime minister who recommends candidates to the president to form his cabinet of ministers.
According to the constitution, executive powers exist by the government while legislative power is vested in the ministerial cabinet, the senate, and the national assembly. Although in reality this two latter
bodies have very little power or legislative role.
The constitution establishes independent executive, legislative and judicial branches and mandates a popularly elected president limited to three to five-year terms. The public directly elects the president and the 127 members of the national assembly to five-year terms, all 33 members of the Senate serve six-year terms with 22 senators elected by local officials and 11 appointed by the president.
Democracy Index: 5.64
The last national assembly election was held on 20th December 2013.
Senegal is located in the western part of Africa with a population of about 16 million people. Senegal is one of the most peaceful countries in Africa.
Currently, Senegal has a quasi-democratic political culture. One of the more successful post-colonial democratic transitions in Africa.
Local administrators are appointed and held accountable by the president marabout religious leaders of the various Muslim brotherhoods of Senegal have also exercised a strong political influence in the country, especially during wade’s presidency.
Democracy Index: 5.81
Senegal is currently the 9th best democracy in Africa and the 82nd position in the world.
Namibia comes in at number eighth in Africa and sixty-five worldwide.
Namibia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic.
The president of Namibia is elected to a five-year term and is both the head of state and the head of government. All the members of the government are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature.
Namibia is located in the southern part of Africa with a population of over 2 million people. It ranks amongst the most peaceful and visited countries in Africa.
Additional to the government political structure Namibia has a network of traditional leadership with currently 51 recognized traditional authorities and their leaders. These traditional leaders are interested in the allocation of communal land and the formulation of the traditional group’s customary laws.
Democracy Index: 6.43
Lesotho officially the Kingdom of Lesotho is an enclaved country within the border of South Africa.
It is by far the largest of the world’s independent states surrounded by the territory of another country with Vatican City and San Marino being the other two.
Politics of this Lesotho takes place in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic constitutional monarchy whereby the prime minister of Lesotho is the head of government of a multi-party system.
Lesotho is one of the top countries with the Best Democracies in Africa. Executive power is exercised by the government while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament; the senate and the national assembly. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature
Ghana is one of the most peaceful and visited countries in Africa.
Ghana is located in the western part of Africa with a population of about 31 million people.
Ghana is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy with a parliamentary multi-party system that is dominated by two parties, The National Democratic Congress (NDC) and The New Patriotic Party (NPP).
Ghana alternated between civilian and military government until January 1993 when the military government gave way to the fourth republic of Ghana after presidential and parliamentary elections in late 1992.
The 1992 constitution of ghana divides powers among commander-in-chief of the Ghana armed forces, the president of Ghana, the parliament, the parliament of Ghana, the cabinet, the cabinet of ghana, council, Ghanaian council of state, the judiciary of Ghana, and an independent judiciary.
The government of Ghana is elected by universal suffrage every four years. Presidential elections in ghana are usually very peaceful with very little or no opposition.
Democracy Index: 6.63
Tunisia is a representative democracy in the republic with the president serving as head of state, a prime minister as head of government, a unicameral parliament in the civil law court system.
The constitution of Tunisia adopted on the 26th of January 2014 guarantees rights for women and states that the president’s religion shall be Islam.
In October 2014 Tunisia held its first elections under the new constitution following the Arab spring Tunisia number 53 worldwide is the only democracy in north Africa.
The number of legalized political parties in Tunisia has grown considerably since the revolution there were now over a hundred legal parties including several that existed under the former regime.
During the rule of Ben Ali, only three functioned as independent opposition parties the PDP, FDTL, and Ettajdid while some older parties are well established and have draw previous party structures, many of the hundred-plus parties extend as of February 2012 as small.
Democracy Index: 6.72
4. South Africa
South Africa is hands down the most visited country in Africa and has the second-largest economy in Africa after Nigeria. South Africa has a population of about 59.7 million people and currently occupies the fourth position in Africa when it comes to democracy and the 40th in the world.
South Africa is a parliamentary republic, although unlike most republics the President is both the head of state and head of government and depends. The executive legislature and judiciary are all subject to the supremacy of the constitution. The superior courts have the power to strike down executive actions and acts of parliament if they are unconstitutional
Democracy Index: 7.24
3. Cape Verde
Cape Verde officially known as the Republic of Cabo Verde is an island country in the central Atlantic Ocean. The 10 volcanic islands in its archipelago have a combined land area of about 4,033 square kilometers. Cape Verde which has a population of about 550 000 people is also a very beautiful island in Africa that attracts a lot of tourists. Cape Verde is one of the top countries with the Best Democracies in Africa and is a stable semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is among the most democratic nations in Africa ranking 3rd and 30th worldwide. The constitution adopted in 1980 and revised in 1992 1995 and 1999 define the basic principles of its government.
The president is the head of state and is elected by popular vote for a five-year term.
Democracy Index: 7.78
Second place in our top countries with the Best Democracies in Africa is the beautiful country of Botswana located in the southern part of Africa with a population of over 2 million people. Botswana has the 29th best democracy in the world, once the second poorest country in the world Botswana has emerged to become not only a very stable country politically it has also become one of the richest and safest countries in Africa.
Botswana is the continent’s oldest democracy, the constitution of Botswana is the rule of law which protects the citizens of Botswana and represents their right.
The politics of Botswana takes place in the framework of a multi-party representative democratic republic whereby the president of Botswana is both the head of state and head of government and is elected by and accountable to the parliament of Botswana.
Executive power is exercised by the government, legislative powers are vested in both the government and the parliament of Botswana.
Democracy Index: 7.79
Coming in at first position in our top countries with the Best Democracies in Africa is the beautiful island country Mauritius. Mauritius is located in the Indian Ocean and has a population of about 1.3 million people. The politics of Mauritius takes place in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic in which the president is the head of state and the prime minister is the head of government and assisted by a council of ministers.
Mauritius has a multi-party system executive power is exercised by the government, legislative power is vested in both the government and the national assembly.
Mauritius has the 18th best democracy in the world and with the peace and tranquility in the country, it might just become the best democracy in the world.
Democracy Index: 7.81